Q:

What is a list of compounds found in food?

A:

Quick Answer

There are many compounds found in food, and some natural hormones found in food include zearalenone, phytoestrongens and acrylamide. Some synthetic hormones found in food are rBGH or rBST, which is known as the bovine growth hormone, and zeranol, which is a growth hormone also used for beef, veal and lamb.

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Acrylamide is a compound found naturally in starchy food that is cooked at greater than 150 degrees Celsius. This means it occurs when roasting, frying and baking foods. A way to lower the exposure to acrylamide is by lessening the cooking time by blanching potatoes before cooking. A person can also eat a well balanced, nutritious diet with lots of green vegetables and fruits.

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  • Q:

    What elements are found in organic compounds?

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    All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is so important to the structure of organic molecules that organic chemistry has been called the study of carbon and its compounds. Other elements are readily incorporated into organic molecules, though the determining feature of an organic molecule is the presence or absence of carbon atoms.

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  • Q:

    What are some ways to purify organic compounds?

    A:

    Some common ways to purify organic compounds include distillation, recrystallization, dialysis and extraction. Colorado University reveals distillation uses the evaporation of compounds to achieve purification, while Portland Community College states recrystallization works for organic solids at room temperature. Dialysis needs a membrane to filter various substances and acid-base extractions utilize aqueous solutions to purify organic liquids.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between organic and inorganic compounds?

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    The distinction between the two terms is primarily that organic compounds contain carbon, while almost all inorganic compounds do not. There are, however, some inorganic compounds that still contain carbon, such as carbon dioxide. Almost all organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, and, as of 2014, some scientists have recommended that this requirement be included in the definition of organic compounds.

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  • Q:

    What are the properties of organic and inorganic compounds?

    A:

    Inorganic compounds form ionic bonds, have high melting points and are made from either single elements or compounds that do not include carbon and hydrogen. In solutions, they break down into ions that conduct electricity. Organic compounds have a carbon-based structure with covalent bonding and are often volatile in nature. Even in liquid state, they do not conduct electricity unless they are salts formed with inorganic acids and bases.

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