Q:

How was lithium discovered?

A:

Lithium was discovered when Swedish chemist Johan August Arfvedson was analyzing petalite in 1817. He discovered that the alkali metal in the petalite had properties unlike the other known elements. One year later, William Brande and Humphry Davy were both able to isolate a pure sample of lithium.

Lithium's name is derived from the Greek word "lithos," which means "stone." Robert Bunsen and Augustus Matthiessen were able to produce large quantities of the element in 1855. Lithium is the lightest known metal on the periodic table and is useful in the production of aircraft materials. Lithium carbonate is used to treat manic depression. Lithium is also a component of certain types of batteries.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Who discovered fluorite?

    A:

    Fluorite or fluospar is first mentioned by the German scientist Georgius Agricola in 1530. In 1852, George Gabriel Stokes found that fluorite glows a blue-violet color when illuminated with ultraviolet light. He named the phenomenon fluorescence after the mineral.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who discovered quartz?

    A:

    Quartz is the most common mineral on Earth. It has been known since ancient times, and it is unlikely that a single individual could be named as its discoverer.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Raney nickel?

    A:

    Raney nickel is an alloy of nickel and aluminum that has much of the aluminum removed through a leaching process with sodium hydroxide. It is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry and as a reagent.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is sedimentary rock?

    A:

    Sedimentary rocks are formed by the deposition of mud, clay, sand and other small particles on the surface of the Earth. Sedimentation can occur in many different environments, including lakes, rivers, deserts and oceans. The sediment is deposited in layers that are compressed over time and turned into solid rock.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore