All organisms belong to one of five kingdoms: animal, plant, moneran, fungi and protist. All living organisms fall into specific categories using taxonomy, which groups all living things into groups based on biological characteristics and traits. Taxonomy itself classifies as a distinct branch of science, classifying living creatures into general categories and more specific groups.
Each kingdom further distinguishes species based on certain characteristics. The second largest group within each kingdom is that of phylum. The systems of class, order, family, genus and species follow in descending order. Animals or plants within the same kingdom bear some of the same characteristics, such as having a multicellular composition. Those within the same class or order, however, bear even more resemblance. In addition to taxonomy, the system of scientific classification identifies and organizes living creatures.
Each plant or animal has a scientific name with two separate words. The first word identifying each organism is a common name, while a Latin name follows. Scientists worldwide use the systems of taxonomy and scientific classification, facilitating the task of organizing plants and animals. The concept of taxonomy dates back to the days of ancient Greece. However, Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus receives credit as the Father of Taxonomy for devising a binomial classification system for all living organisms.Learn More
Algae are a type of plant that usually grows on the surface of still water, such as a small pond, when there is an ecological imbalance. In some cases, algae is able to grow at a rapid rate, potentially spreading across the entire surface.Full Answer >
Urine odor is related to the level of concentration of waste products contained in the urine. Highly concentrated urine may have strong odors, especially of ammonia, according to Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
The three subphylums in Chordata are Vertebrata, Urochordata and Cephalochordata. Vertebrata is the largest group, including such familiar animals as fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. Urochordata contains about 4,600 to 5,100 species total, and Cephalochordata contains only 28.Full Answer >
The ninhydrin test is a colorimetric test for amines, particularly alpha-amino acids, carboxylic acids and free amino acids on simple or complex proteins. It uses the crystalline compound ninhydrin, which has the chemical name triketohydrindene hydrate, or 1,2,3-indantrione monohydrate.Full Answer >