Mae C. Jemison is the first African-American female astronaut and the first African-American woman to ever go to space, according to Biography. She is also a trained dancer, doctor of medicine and Peace Corps volunteer, but being the first African-American female astronaut is what made her famous.Know More
Jemison graduated high school at the age of 16 and went on to receive an engineering degree from Stanford University. She continued her education by attending medical school and earned her doctorate degree from Cornell University in 1981. In 1987, she was the first African-American woman admitted into NASA's astronaut training program. After more than one year of training, she became the first African-American astronaut and began conducting scientific experiments on the space shuttle.
On Sept. 12, 1992, Jemison was an astronaut aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor, which launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Jemison, along with six other crew members, conducted experiments on motion sickness, weightlessness and more while in space. The Shuttle Endeavor was in space for more than 190 hours before safely returning to Earth on Sept. 20, 1992. Jemison was also the only astronaut to appear on the "Star Trek" television series, according to Biography.Learn more about Space Travel
Some of the most memorable NASA launches were the Apollo 11 mission, the first American in space, the Challenger and Columbia launches and Apollo 13, as noted by the Space website. Some others are the first Shuttle launch, Skylab and John Glenn's return into outer space in 1998, as stated by the NASA website.Full Answer >
According to the New Mexico Space Museum, Virgil "Gus" Grissom was the first man to travel into space twice. Unfortunately, before his third journey into space, he was killed in the Apollo 1 fire on January 27, 1967.Full Answer >
The life support system installed in the space station helps astronauts live in space for extended periods of time. While in space, the life support system provides oxygen and filters out the carbon dioxide exhaled by the astronauts. In addition, astronauts go through rigorous training regimens to ensure that their bodies can handle the conditions.Full Answer >
In 2009, scientists at the University of Calgary used measurements of atmospheric wind and the flow of charged particles to determine that space begins at 73 miles above the Earth's surface. However, there are competing, and sometimes conflicting, assessments of Earth's boundaries.Full Answer >