The major bony components of the thorax are the sternum, thoracic vertebrae and ribs. These bony components are in conjunction with intervertebral discs and costal cartilage.Know More
The top of the thorax contains the sternum, which can also be referred to as the breastbone. This is a flat bone that helps to protect the rest of the thorax. It is a long, sword shaped bone with a piece of cartilage on the end called the xiphoid process. It is located in between the two collarbones.
Thoracic vertebrae are similar to the lumbar vertebrae that are located in the back. There are 12 vertebrae in the thoracic system. They work together with the sternum to hold the ribs into place and are there for the protection of the organs that are in the ribcage system. The way these vertebrae articulate, or move, is important to the way that the ribs move.
There are 12 ribs in the thorax. They are resilient and lightweight, making them ideal for the organ protection they provide. There are true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs. True ribs are connected to the sternum with costal cartilage. False ribs are only attached to other ribs and do not ever directly touch the sternum. Floating ribs are only connected to the thoracic vertebrae and "float" in the thorax area.Learn more about Zoology
Flying ants can be distinguished from other flying insects thanks to their hind wings being smaller than their front wings, their elbowed antennae and their thin waists that narrow at the thorax. Other winged insets, such as termites, have broad waists, wings of equal size and straight antennae.Full Answer >
Grasshoppers breathe through 10 pairs of tiny holes called spiracles, which are located in the thorax and abdomen. Air enters the grasshopper's body through the front spiracles and exits through the rear.Full Answer >
The function of the scapula is to provide movement and stabilization of the arm at the shoulder by attaching it to the trunk of the body, known as the thorax. The scapula is a flat bone that is shaped somewhat like a triangle. The scapula, along with the clavicle and humerus, make up the shoulder.Full Answer >
Although walking stick insects do not have a venomous sting or bite, some species can discharge a milky acidic spray from glands at the rear of the thorax. They can spray it accurately at predators at a range of up to two feet.Full Answer >