According to the Sustainability Laboratories, there are five core principles vital to the achievement of a sustainable future for the world. They are the material, economic, social, life and spiritual domains. In order for the programs seeking to create a sustainable future to succeed, the sustainable programs being implemented should have a balance of activities and policies that cover all the five core principles, as they are interdependent.
In the material domain, efforts are focused on the adoption of renewable sources of energy, with most sustainability programs targeting a shift away from the use of fossil fuels for energy because they are limited and non-sustainable. The economic domain focuses on the destructive nature of most economic activities and tries to create changes in the way measurements about economic activities are done, so as to minimize the negative impact of such activities on the environment. The life domain addresses the impact of human developments on the environment and advocates the protection of all forms of life. The social and spiritual domains both focus on human interactions and spirituality across the globe, and they are motivated by the need to achieve equality across the world's populations, in addition to spiritual enrichment of the same populations.