In man versus nature conflicts in literature, each plot features a protagonist, not necessarily a man or even a human, struggling against nature. There are three primary literary conflict patterns: man versus man, man versus himself, and man versus nature.Know More
Almost every story includes at least one conflict at its heart. This conflict includes the protagonist, "man," versus some other entity of equal or greater power. In the man versus nature (sometimes called "man versus environment") conflicts, the protagonist's goals are set in opposition to some force of nature. For instance, Jack London's short story "To Build a Fire" has the unnamed protagonist struggling to survive in a vast frozen wilderness. In Herman Melville's classic novel "Moby Dick," Captain Ahab hunts the giant whale Moby Dick. In a more contemporary example, "Finding Nemo," the clownfish Marlin struggles against the vastness and danger of the ocean to find his son Nemo.
Story plots, especially in longer works, are rarely limited to a single plot pattern. Usually, two or more will be interwoven; for example, "The Wizard of Oz" starts with a "man" (Dorothy) versus nature (the tornado) plot, but it quickly segues into the witch versus Dorothy, which is a man-versus-man plot pattern. Additionally, there may be from three to seven different basic plot patterns, depending on whose theory is being followed. However, "man versus nature" is included in every list.Learn More
In contrast to a natural disaster, a man-made disaster results from human activity and can cause harm to people, animals and plants. The Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989 and the British Petroleum oil spill in 2010 are two prominent examples of man-made disasters.Full Answer >
Man-made disasters include oil spills, nuclear explosions, chemical leaks and some fires. Man-made disasters can cause human fatalities and destruction of the environment.Full Answer >
A positive human impact on the environment occurs when a person takes action to improve society, nature and its resources. Acting positively, even in a small manner, has a major impact on the environment, especially when it is done consistently.Full Answer >
Many human activities cause pollution, habitat destruction and climate change, all of which are destructive to ecosystems. According to the World Wildlife Fund, the use of pesticides and fertilizers on farms has increased 26-fold over the last 50 years, which has caused increased damage to streams, rivers, lakes and the world’s oceans. Fertilizers are toxic to many types of aquatic life and they alter the chemistry of local waters.Full Answer >