A single hydrogen atom can form one covalent bond. A covalent bond is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms, according to Georgia State University's HyperPhysics site. The atoms share valence electrons, which are in the atom's outermost shell. Hydrogen has one electron to share.
Atoms desire a full valance shell, which gives them a stable balance. The sharing of electrons allows atoms to attain this stable electron configuration. Hydrogen has a 1s valence subshell, which can hold a maximum of two electrons. Hydrogen covalently shares this single electron with other atoms needing extra electrons to fill their valence shell. For example, a fluorine atom has a valence shell containing seven electrons, yet it has a maximum capacity for eight electrons. Hydrogen shares its one electron with fluorine, and fluorine shares one of its valence electrons with hydrogen, giving both atoms a stable electron configuration.Learn More
A spherical capacitor consists of two hollow, concentric spheres of oppositely charged electrodes with an insulator in between them. Physicists consider Earth to be a huge spherical capacitor surrounded by the ionosphere, with a charged atmosphere that discharges electricity to the surface of the planet in the form of lightning.Full Answer >
Atomic bombs work by splitting atoms, while hydrogen bombs, also known as nuclear bombs, draw their energy from fusing atoms together. While both types of reactions involve the nucleus of the atom, and both can therefore rightly be called "nuclear," tradition has reserved the word for the types of reactions that are exclusive to fusion devices.Full Answer >
Energy transfer is the conveyance of energy from one item to another; the transfer occurs among different scales and motions. Energy transfer may mean different things in different sciences.Full Answer >
Chlorine has exactly 17 protons. The element has an atomic number of 17, which correlates with its number of protons and electrons. Chlorine has 18 neutrons.Full Answer >