A carbon atom typically possesses six electrons – two in its inner shell and four in its outer shell. This number varies due to a number of circumstances, but a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons.
The number of electrons in a carbon atom's shell can vary due to possessing a charge and becoming an ion or in combining with other atoms. Interaction with particles and other atoms can temporarily knock an electron out of its orbit or add an additional one, giving the atom an electrical charge and making it an ion. Carbon also has four open spaces on its outer electron shell, allowing it to combine easily with other atoms and share extra electrons with them.Learn More
A carbon atom has four valence electrons. The number of valence electrons of any atom of an element can be determined by the period table group in which the element is classified. There are a total of 18 groups on the period table group.Full Answer >
Nitrogen has seven electrons. Since the atomic number of an element tells how many protons and how many electrons are in that element, nitrogen has an atomic number of seven.Full Answer >
One neutral atom of iodine has 53 electrons. The number of electrons in a neutral atom corresponds to the atomic number of the element.Full Answer >
Lithium has three electrons. The element has an atomic number of 3, which means it has three protons. Lithium lies in the alkali metal family of the periodic table of elements.Full Answer >