As of 2014, there are 15 isotopes of carbon. They are C-8 through C-22. Only C-12 and C-13 are stable, while the other isotopes are radioactive, and of these, only C-14 is found in nature.Know More
C-14 is famous for its use in carbon dating and has a half-life of 5,700 years. This means after 5,700 years, half of the carbon will have decayed into nitrogen-14.
C-11 is the most stable of the man-made isotopes, with a half-life of a little over 20 minutes. The other radioisotopes have half-lives that last for seconds or fractions of seconds. C-13 is used in research and medicine, and C-12 is used to establish the atomic weight of other isotopes.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
Carbon has six protons in its nucleus, so its atomic number is six. It also has six neutrons in its nucleus and typically has six electrons as well.Full Answer >
A carbon atom typically possesses six electrons – two in its inner shell and four in its outer shell. This number varies due to a number of circumstances, but a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons.Full Answer >
Carbon has six protons, which determines its place in the periodic table. All chemical elements possess an atomic number like this, starting with hydrogen at the atomic number of one. Carbon is the element widely accepted as being the key component for life on Earth.Full Answer >
According to the University of Bristol School of Chemistry, carbon atoms form many different types of compounds because each atom can form strong bonds with up to four other atoms. This allows the element to create a diverse array of molecules. This structural feature of carbon imparts several common characteristics on molecules composed of it.Full Answer >