A metric ton contains 1,000 kilograms. Because the metric system originated in Europe and is the official system of measurement there, it is common to see the term written with the British spelling of metric tonne.
A metric ton is equal to 2,204.6 pounds. A US (short) ton equals approximately 907 kilograms, while a British (long) ton equals approximately 1,016 kilograms. The base unit for measuring weight or mass in the metric system is the gram. The prefix "kilo" comes from the Greek word "chilioi," which means "thousand." Any measurement with a "kilo" prefix in the metric system represents 1,000 of the base units. Therefore, a kilogram is 1,000 grams, a kilometer is 1,000 meters, and so on for other measurements. The metric measurement for 100 kilograms is a quintal, meaning that a metric ton is also referred to as 10 quintals.