Each sublevel has differing numbers of orbitals. Sublevels are designated with lower-case letters. Sublevel s contains one orbital, p contains three, d has five, f has seven, g has nine, h has 11 and i has 13.
The periodic table of elements contains seven rows; therefore, elements can have up to seven energy levels, depending on how many electrons the element possess. Electrons travel around the atom in orbitals. Each orbital houses a maximum of two electrons.
With each subsequent energy level, another sublevel is added. Energy level one contains only one sublevel, the s with its one orbital. Energy level 2 contains s and p sublevels, so this energy level has a total of four orbitals. Energy level 3 has s, p and d sublevels; therefore, this energy level has a total of nine orbitals.Learn More
The chemical element in the second period with the largest atomic radius is lithium, which is followed by beryllium, boron, carbon and nitrogen. The elements with the smallest atomic radius in this period are neon, fluorine and oxygen, respectively.Full Answer >
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A negatively charged particle within an atom is called an electron. Electrons were discovered in 1897 by a British scientist named J.J. Thomson.Full Answer >
Hydrogen's state of matter is gas at standard conditions of temperature and pressure. Hydrogen condenses into a liquid or freezes solid at extremely cold temperatures.Full Answer >