Sunflowers have either 34, 55 or 89 petals on their face, depending upon the size of the sunflower. This number is based from the Fibonacci number and flower patterns. Fibonacci numbers are based on a certain sequence.Know More
The number of spirals in the center of a sunflower corresponds to a specific Fibonacci number. The head of the sunflower is made up of small seeds that are produced at its center and then migrate towards the outside of the flower. Each seed appears at a specific angle in relation to the one that came before it.
The petals of the sunflower are formed at the extremity of one of the seeds at the edge of the spiral. This is the reason the petals correspond with a Fibonacci number.Learn more in Botany
Sunflowers use a cross-pollination method of reproduction by attracting animals and insects such as bees and using them to spread reproductive pollen from one flower to another. Sunflowers can self-reproduce, but by doing this, they don't have the diverse offspring that are better suited to their environment.Full Answer >
The scientific name for the common sunflower is Helianthus annuus. The common sunflower is a member of the Asteraceae plant family and was domesticated by the Native Americans for food production.Full Answer >
No one knows why sunflowers track the sun, but scientists suspect that it may enhance the flower’s chances for pollination, increase the amount of heat the flower absorbs or accelerate the maturation of the sunflower seeds. Sunflowers achieve their movement through the differential growth rate of the cells in the stem. When the cells on the right side of the plant grow quickly, the flower head tilts the opposite direction.Full Answer >
Plants are generally unaffected by light winds, but high winds can stunt plant growth. This problem can be avoided by frequent watering, using good fertilizer to encourage healthy roots and creating wind breaks.Full Answer >