Q:

How many solids are there in the periodic table?

A:

Quick Answer

There are at least 76 solid elements in the periodic table. Eleven elements are gases at room temperature, while only three are liquids. Only the first 98 elements in the periodic table exist in nature.

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How many solids are there in the periodic table?
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Full Answer

Elements are arranged in the periodic table into 18 groups or families (vertical), and seven periods (horizontal). Elements are listed in the periodic table depending on their atomic structure. Elements in the same group or family have the same number of outermost electrons which gives them similar physical and chemical properties, while elements in each period have gradually changing chemical properties owing to the progressive rise in atomic mass from left to right.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the vertical columns on the periodic table?

    A:

    The vertical columns on the period table are called groups. There are 18 groups on the periodic table, and elements that are members of the same group share similar traits.

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  • Q:

    Who invented the periodic table?

    A:

    The father of the periodic table is Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist who started creating it in 1869. While he is the father of the periodic table, other scientists contributed to the periodic table that people use today.

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  • Q:

    Why was the periodic table invented?

    A:

    The periodic table was invented by chemist Dmitri Mendeleev to organize and compare elements and understand their relations with each other. Mendeleev created the periodic table between 1868 and 1870 while writing his book titled "The Principles of Chemistry." Initially, Mendeleev created the chart for his personal benefit, but others quickly discovered its value, leading to its immediate acceptance and use by fellow chemists upon publication.

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  • Q:

    What is the heaviest metal on the periodic table?

    A:

    The heaviest metal on the periodic table of elements is osmium. Its density is 22.57 grams per cubic centimeter, which is twice that of the element lead. A quarter-gallon of osmium weighs 50 pounds when compared to a quarter-gallon of water, which weighs only 2.2 pounds.

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