Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and the seventh largest at 227,940,000 kilometers, according to the University of Central Florida. The size and close proximity of Mars render it visible in the night sky, especially at certain points during its orbit.Know More
NakedEyePlanets.com notes that in its earliest stages of appearance, Mars has a faint, pale orange look and shines similarly to nearby stars. From this point, Mars continues to gain altitude until it disappears from the sky altogether at twilight. The overall appearance of the Red Planet is relatively diminutive. By late August, Mars travels west of the sun and becomes visible and more prominent in the night sky rather than the day.
The University of Central Florida explains that Mars travels around the sun in an oval-shaped pattern, causing it to appear more visible in the night sky. Earth is the third planet from the sun, and Mars is the fourth, making it one of the easiest to identify in the sky. NakedEyePlanets.com explains that at certain times during the calendar year, Mars is not visible at all. Mars first becomes visible in July, around dawn, as it becomes the tip of the Beta Tauri constellation's horn.Learn more about Planets
Mars, the fourth planet from the sun, has interested people for thousands of years, according to BBC News. However, whereas the people of ancient Greece and Rome found Mars fascinating for its red color, people today are more interested in finding water on the planet.Full Answer >
The average temperature on Mars is -80 degrees Fahrenheit. A summer day near Mars' equator gets up to 70 degrees Fahrenheit, but dips to -100 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Winter temperatures at the Martian poles drop to 195 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >
Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system, with a diameter of just over 4,212 miles and a circumference of 13,256 miles. Its diameter is about 53 percent that of the Earth. Among the major planets, only Mercury is smaller.Full Answer >
While no specific date can be identified for the discovery of Mars, knowledge of the planet dates back to ancient civilizations. Ancient Romans, Egyptians and Chinese astronomers independently discovered and named the planet.Full Answer >