What is the mathematical formula for mass?
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Q:

What is the mathematical formula for mass?

A:

Quick Answer

The mathematical formula for mass is mass = density x volume. To calculate the mass of an object, you must first know its density and its volume.

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Full Answer

The formula "mass = density x volume" is a variation on the density formula: density = mass ÷ volume. As long as two of the variables are known, the third can be calculated by rearranging the equation. In order to calculate mass, it is necessary to divide both sides of the density equation by volume.

For example, to find the mass of a liter of milk, it is first necessary to know the density of the milk. If the density is 1.03 g/mL, then according to the equation, the mass of one liter of milk is 1.030 kilograms.

Mass is often confused with weight, although they are two different things. Mass is an unchanging quality of an object. Relativistic mass, however, can increase when an object approaches light speed. It is a measurement of the amount of matter the object has. When a physicist discusses the mass of an object, he or she is is talking about the number of particles in the object, not how much they weigh. Weight, on the other hand, is the force of gravity pulling on a mass. The SI unit of mass, as determined by the International System of Units, is the kilogram.

Density is how much mass there is in a given amount of a material. An object of higher density will weigh more than an object of lower density, even if the objects are the same size.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between mass and volume?

    A:

    The mass of an object is the amount of matter it contains while volume is the amount of space it takes up. Mass should not be confused with weight, which is the measure of the gravitational force on an object.

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  • Q:

    What is the mass of an electron?

    A:

    An electron has a mass of 0.00054858 atomic mass unites. It is significantly smaller than a proton or neutron; the bulk of an atom's mass is in its nucleus in the protons and neutrons.

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  • Q:

    What are the similarities between mass and weight?

    A:

    Mass is the measurement of how much space an object takes up, and weight is the measurement of the pull of gravity on an object. Scientists measure both mass and weight with the use of balances and scales. The formula weight equals mass times gravitational force equates the two measurements.

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  • Q:

    What is the relationship between mass and density?

    A:

    Density and mass are mutually dependent physical properties, with density being equal to the amount of mass per unit of volume of any particular object or substance. The mass of any object depends entirely on its overall density, with denser objects having greater mass, for the same volume, than less-dense objects. The mass of an object with uniform composition changes if pieces are added or removed, but its density remains constant. Meanwhile, barring any melting or evaporation, the density of an object tends to change with changes in temperature, while the mass remains the same.

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