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Who was Matthias Schleiden?

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Quick Answer

Matthias Schleiden was a German botanist who, along with Theodor Schwann, is best known for founding the cell theory. He initially practiced law in Hamburg before fully focusing his attention on his hobby, botany.

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Schleiden didn't care for the emphasis other botanists placed upon plant classification and preferred to study plant structure instead. While teaching at the University of Jena in 1838, he wrote ?Contributions to Phytogenesis,? where he claimed that different parts of plants are composed of cells. He also discovered and documented the importance of the cell nucleus in the cell division process.

He was born on April 5, 1804, and died on June 23, 1881.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who are the three scientists who formulated the cell theory?

    A:

    The three scientists who formulated cell theory were Theodor Schwann, Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Rudolf Virchow. Schwann and Schleiden worked together to formulate the theory in 1838, and Virchow contributed to the theory in 1858.

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  • Q:

    What discoveries did Matthias Schleiden make?

    A:

    Around 1838, Matthias Schleiden discovered that all plant tissues he examined with a microscope were composed of cells. He was the first to make a general statement about them, declaring that all parts of plants were composed of cells. Further, he said that plant embryos grew from single cells. He was also an early evolutionist, hypothesizing about the possibility of large-scale evolution over time in plants.

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  • Q:

    Who developed cell theory?

    A:

    Cell theory was developed in the early 19th century by three German scientists, Theodor Schwann, Matthias Jacob Schleiden and Rudolf Virchow. While all three scientists contributed to the generally accepted classical cell theory, each hypothesized different sections of it and had parts of their theory refuted and replaced.

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  • Q:

    Who were the cell theory scientists?

    A:

    The cell theory scientists were Theodor Schwann and Matthias Jakob Schleiden. Schleiden suggested that all the different parts of plants are made of cells. Schwann came to the same conclusion as Schleiden and stated further that animals were also composed of cells.

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