The term "anabolic" refers to those biochemical processes in the body which require energy and/or store energy. Anabolic reactions build new and more complex molecules from simpler ones. This is a process which requires energy, but also stores energy in the newly created and larger molecule.Know More
Catabolic processes represent the inverse reaction. They will release energy as larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones. The energy released by catabolic reactions will provide the energy for further anabolic reactions. The energy used to fuel anabolic reactions is stored in ATP, the shorter term for adenosine triphosphate, the coenzyme responsible for the transfer of intercellular energy.
When ATP breaks down into a smaller molecule called ADP, or adenosine diphosphate, it loses one of its three phosphates and releases energy in a catabolic reaction. In the anabolic version, ADP gains a third phosphate and stores energy as it transforms into the larger ATP. This repeating cycle of energy storage and release is referred to as an organism's metabolism, a term which also represents the totality of all the biochemical reactions occurring within an organism. The series of reactions in which one leads into the next are called metabolic pathways.
The anabolic processes help to build up tissues and organs, which also aids in the growth of the organism through increases in muscle mass and the mineralization of bones. Endocrinologists often refer to various hormones as either anabolic or catabolic, depending on which portion of the organism's metabolism they affect.Learn more about Human Anatomy
Female-to-male transition refers to the medical processes undergone to change a female body to a male body. A candidate for the procedure goes through a minimum of several months of hormonal therapy before the procedure. Further surgical procedures follow to reconstruct the chest.Full Answer >
The University of New Mexico explains that heat production is a byproduct of metabolism, or the sum of the chemical processes in the body. When the body breaks down food molecules, the energy in the chemical bonds of the food is released, which powers the body. However, the human body is only about 25 percent efficient, meaning that 75 percent of the energy from the food is released as heat.Full Answer >
The term "auricle" can refer to two separate body structures. In a human heart, the auricles are two pouches that are connected to heart's atrium. These two structures in the heart transfer blood into the left and right ventricles. The auricle can also refer to the human ear, which assists in hearing and consists of skin and cartilage held in place by muscle and ligaments.Full Answer >
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences states that lipids store energy, insulate the body, and protect vital organs. Lipids also act as messengers and begin chemical reactions that control growth, immune function, reproduction and basic metabolism. They also help store certain nutrients, such as fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.Full Answer >