The medulla oblongata is the part of the brain that controls functions like blood pressure, heart rate, reflexes and vomiting. In essence, it controls all the body's involuntary reflexes.
The medulla oblongata is located at the base of the brain stem. It is a small, cone-shaped mass that is in charge of regulating certain autonomic bodily functions . These functions include swallowing, breathing, sneezing and blood vessel functions. It receives its blood supply from several arteries and contains many nerve fibers.
Damage to the medulla oblongata due to illness or injury may result in difficulty swallowing or breathing and may lead to death.Learn More
The left side of the brain is generally dominant for language and other logical tasks. This side of the brain is also used for math or various calculations, according to the University of Washington. The left side of the brain also controls muscles on the right side of the body. Sensory information from the body’s right side crosses over to the left side of the brain.Full Answer >
Dreams are controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex. During REM sleep, signals sent from another part of the brain, the pons, are relayed through the thalamus to the cerebral cortex, and it is the cerebral cortex's attempts to make sense of these signals that causes dreaming.Full Answer >
The part of the brain that controls consciousness is the frontal lobe. Other activities controlled by the frontal lobe include problem solving, decision making, emotions and control of purposeful behaviors.Full Answer >
The most inferior portion of the brain stem is the medulla oblongata. Located just below the pons of the brain stem and anterior to the cerebellum, the medulla oblongata is responsible for many of the vital involuntary functions of the body, such as breathing, digestion and heart and circulatory function.Full Answer >