Q:

Which metals make up stainless steel?

A:

Quick Answer

Stainless steel is a special form of steel that is made of chromium added to steel. Regular steel is an alloy that is made of both iron and carbon. There are different types of stainless steel depending on how much chromium is added and if there are any other elements added in small amounts like nickel.

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Full Answer

As the name suggests, stainless steel is highly resistant to stains, in particular rust. The chromium added to the steel creates a thin barrier composed of chromium oxides, which effectively limits the amount of oxygen that can penetrate the material and cause rust to form.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do you clean stainless steel?

    A:

    Stainless steel can usually be cleaned using warm water, states About.com. Tougher dirt sometimes requires a mild detergent. Glass cleaner works on fingerprints, while stainless steel cleaner is generally recommended for scratched or stained surfaces. Stainless steel should only be cleaned when it's cool to the touch, notes Bob Vila.

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  • Q:

    How is stainless steel manufactured?

    A:

    Stainless steel is manufactured by mining chromite, converting the chromite to ferrochrome, melting the ferrochrome down with several other elements and putting the melted slabs through several temperature-regulation procedures. To be considered stainless steel, the final product must contain at least 11.5 percent chromium.

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  • Q:

    Does stainless steel tarnish?

    A:

    Stainless steel does not tarnish. It does not oxidize as well. Stainless steel has become more popular in body jewelry due to its hypo-allergenic finish and non-reactive surface.

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  • Q:

    What is stainless steel made of?

    A:

    The alloy known as stainless steel is comprised primarily of iron combined with a minimum of 10.5 percent chromium. Other metals, such as nickel, molybdenum, titanium or copper, are added to the alloy in small amounts to enhance the strength and toughness of it.

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