Q:

Where does mineral oil come from?

A:

Quick Answer

Mineral oil consists of mixtures of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum by distillation. Mineral oil is most commonly used as a lubricant in the manufacture of cosmetics and in medicine as a laxative.

 Know More

Full Answer

Mineral oil is a colorless, oily, almost tasteless, water-insoluble liquid. It's usually a standard light-density oil or a standard heavy-density oil. Some other names for mineral oil include white oil, liquid paraffin, pariffinum liquidum and liquid petroleum. Baby oil is perfumed mineral oil.

Mineral oil is used in a variety of fields including medical, veterinary, food preparation and cosmetics, among others. Mineral oil of special purity is used in IVF procedures. Select mineral oils are used in livestock vaccines to stimulate a response to the vaccinating agent. Different types of mineral oil also have uses in the poultry and beekeeping industries.

Because it doesn't absorb water, food-grade mineral oil is used as a preservative for wooden kitchen utensils, dishes and cutting boards. Small amounts are used in candy to give it a glossy appearance and prevent sticking, although amounts are limited due to its laxative effect.

In the cosmetics industry, mineral oil is a common ingredient in baby lotions, cold creams and ointments. Mineral oil can be used on eyelashes to prevent brittleness and breaking. In cold cream, mineral oil is used to remove make-up and temporary tattoos.

Learn more about Geology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the uses of magnetite?

    A:

    Magnetite increases the density of most mixtures in which it is present. This property allows magnetite to be used in the manufacture of heavy concrete, water filtration, coal mining, landscaping and production of certain iron-based chemicals.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Is sand homogeneous or heterogeneous?

    A:

    Although some artificially produced sands may have small enough grains to appear homogeneous, beach sands are heterogeneous mixtures, according to Elmhurst College. Heterogeneous mixtures are composed of particles which vary in size, shape or phase.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How is petrol made from crude oil?

    A:

    Petrol is made from crude oil by removing hydrocarbons and carbon atom chains through a process known as distillation. Usually, this process takes place at an oil refinery. Distilling petrol relies on gradually increasing the temperature of crude oil to break apart and get rid of these chains. The product that is left behind is a pure and usable form of petrol.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is a distilling flask?

    A:

    Distilling flasks are glass flasks used to separate mixtures by distillation. A distillation flask has three parts: a spherical base, a cylindrical neck and sidearm that is connected to the flask neck. Distillation is the process of separating components of a mixture based on differences in the components' boiling points.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore