Calcite is usually identified by using the acid test. The test is done by putting some drops of weak hydrochloric acid on a sample. If the sample fizzles or reacts, it is calcite.Know More
Rocks such as marble and limestone also fizzle during the acid test. This is because they contain calcite.
Calcite, a carbonate mineral, is characterized by its Mohs scale hardness of 3 and specific gravity of 2.71. It is usually colorless or white. The presence of impurities can give it shades of red, yellow or gray. Calcite is found naturally in marine organisms' shells as well as in stalagmites and stalactites.Learn more about Geology
Diamond is the hardest mineral known to man, according to How Stuff Works. It is assigned a rating of 10 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness, which means that it has the highest resistance to scratching.Full Answer >
Glass is not a mineral because it does not have a definite chemical composition, which means it does not always have the same chemical composition that can be expressed by a chemical formula. It also does not have a crystalline structure, so there is no specific order to the atoms.Full Answer >
The term for a mineral's resistance to being scratched is its hardness. The hardness of an unknown specimen can be measured using the Mohs hardness scale, which compares the mineral being tested against 10 different reference minerals.Full Answer >
Gold is a mineral and was one of the first used by prehistoric cultures. It is appreciated for its physical appearance, its workability and its ability to withstand chemicals.Full Answer >