Q:

Where are minerals found?

A:

Roughly 3,700 minerals are found in the Earth's crust, according to KidsGeo.com. Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks are found everywhere on the Earth's surface and at the bottom of the ocean. Minerals utilized by humans are most often found in mines and mining operations on every inhabited continent.

The United States contains several mines that produce valuable minerals. Arizona and Michigan have copper mines that produce industrial grade and ornamental minerals. California extracts boron from hot springs that also make carbonate and sulfate minerals. Magnet Cove in Arkansas is known for titanium-based minerals such as rutile, anatase and brookite.

International mines also harvest minerals humans need. Sites in New South Wales, Australia produce copper, lead and silver. Cornwall, England has mines that have been worked for centuries extracting silver, tin, lead, copper, iron and tungsten. Ontario, Canada features areas with cobalt and silver. One mine in Saxony, Germany has been in use since ancient Roman times and produces more than 300 minerals.

According to Maps of the World, uranium is mined in Canada, Australia, Africa, central Asia and France. Gold is extracted in countries such as Russia, Canada, Brazil, South Korea and South Africa. The world's diamond mines are located in Brazil, southern Africa, India and Siberia.

The most common minerals found in the Earth's crust include silicate rocks such as quartz, mica and olivine. Major mineral classes are halides, oxides, sulfides, sulfates and carbonates.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    How many of the common minerals make up 90 percent of the Earth's crust?

    A:

    More than 90 percent of the mineral composition of the Earth's crust is composed of silicate minerals. These silicate minerals differ with each specific compound, as each compound is composed of different elements to form the types of rock that constitute the Earth's crust.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where can iron be found?

    A:

    Iron can be found in the Earth's core, in the Earth's crust, in hemoglobin, in steel and in magnets. It is rare to find iron in its elemental form on Earth, but it has been found in igneous rocks in Russia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are minerals that contain silicon and oxygen called?

    A:

    Minerals that contain silicon and oxygen are called silicates. In the Earth's mantle and crust, silicates make up approximately 80 percent of its volume. In nature, silicates are abundant, and they can be classified according to different chemical compositions and crystal structures.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How are minerals formed?

    A:

    Minerals are formed under a variety of conditions, including when molten materials cool, when liquids evaporate or cool and under high temperatures and pressures. Minerals are found in the earth's crust and mantle, and many were created when feldspar and quartz reacted with other materials during the formation of the planet.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore