During mitosis, the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell divides into two, followed by splitting of the parent cell into two daughter cells. It occurs in somatic cells and ensures the equal partition of replicated chromosomes into two diploid daughter cells. Walther Flemming, a German biologist, discovered mitosis in 1882.Know More
Mitosis consists of these distinct phases: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. Each mitotic phase contributes towards chromosome alignment and separation. At the end of mitosis, the whole cell splits into two through the process of cytokinesis, and each daughter cell contains an exact copy of the parent's genetic material.
During interphase, the cell undergoes replication and prepares for the entire mitotic process. At prophase, chromosomes condense and become visible while spindle fibers form. At metaphase, homologous chromosomes align at the equator of the cell. During anaphase, chromosomes split at the centromere and move towards opposite poles and spindle fibers break. During telophase, spindle fibers disappear, chromosomes settle at opposite poles and a plate forms in between, separating the cell into two equal halves. Cytokinesis occurs during this time. Two diploid daughter cells result.
A number of hormones induce mitosis. Cytokinin is the exact hormone in plants but a specific cell-division hormone is not known in animals.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA
During mitosis, a eukaryotic cell divides and forms two identical cells. Mitosis is a multi-step process, and the main goal is to ensure that each of the resulting daughter cells receives a copy of each chromosome.Full Answer >
If cytokinesis took place before mitosis, the two daughter cells would end up with only half the required genetic material and, unable to function, would die. In eukaryotic cells, cytokinesis normally happens just after or during the last stage of mitosis, known as telophase.Full Answer >
Mitosis is the division of a cell to create two identical daughter cells, whereas meiosis forms daughter cells that are different than the parent cell. Mitosis is a means of replacing old cells; meiosis forms sex cells, or gametes.Full Answer >
A unique characteristic of mitosis is that it produces two genetically identical daughter cells from the parent cell. This characteristic is critically important to the development of living organisms as it helps the body grow and repair cells in a highly efficient way.Full Answer >