According to Dictionary.com, a monoacidic base is a base that when dissolved in water produces one hydroxide ion or OH-, per molecule. In other words, a monoacidic base divides itself into two main components or molecules after reacting with water. One of the molecules is always a hydroxide ion and based on the definition of a monoacidic base, only one hydroxide ion is present.Know More
According to Purdue, the general term "base" refers to any substance that donates a pair of nonbinding electrons to release a hydroxide ion into a solution. Mono is derived from the Greek word “monos,” which means single or alone. Together, the words “mono” and “base” imply that monoacidic base means “one base" or a base with a single hydroxide ion.
Sodium hydroxide, or NAOH, is an example of a monoacidic base. When sodium hydroxide reacts with water, it dissociates into sodium and hydroxide. The equation is written as follows: NaOH (s) ? Na+ (aq) + OH- (aq). NAOH is a strong base because when the hydroxide ion is liberated from water, it causes the solution to splatter or boil. Some monoacidic bases, such as sodium hydroxide, produce an exothermic or heat-generating reaction, when they react with water. Sodium hydroxide, which is also known as lye, is a caustic base that is used to make soap.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Mixing a base with an acid results in a chemical reaction called neutralization. The result is a perfectly balanced solution of salt and water with a pH of 7 if the acid and base are balanced properly. Depending on the bases and acids used, it can be a dangerous experiment.Full Answer >
Some common examples of acid-base indicators include blue grapes, which can change color from deep red in an acid to violet in a base; beets, which change from red to purplish when in a very basic substance; and blueberries, which turn red in strong acids. While these are common examples, many other things can be used as an acid-base indicator.Full Answer >
Baking powder is made through the combination of an acid, a base and a filler. Baking soda, cream of tartar and corn starch are a common base, acid and filler combination, respectively, used to make baking powder.Full Answer >
An acid is a substance that donates a proton, and a base is a substance that accepts a proton. A base is a chemical compound that forms OH- ions when dissolved in water and reacts with acids to form salts. An acid is a chemical compound that forms H+ ions when dissolved in water and reacts with bases to form salts.Full Answer >