Carbohydrate monomers are called monosaccharides, which are also known as simple sugars. They are composed of either five or six carbons that have a ring-like structure and form a single sugar. Examples of monomers are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are all simple sugars. There are also disaccharides, which are two simple sugars bonded together, but they are not the main monomers of carbohydrates.Know More
Carbohydrates are one of main macromolecules of life. In dietary terms, there are "good" carbs and "bad" carbs, which can have adverse effects on your blood flow and development. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbohydrates are also called saccharides, or sugars. Some examples of carbohydrates are glucose (grape sugar), sucrose (cane sugar) and lactose, which is found in milk. They are used for the storage of energy and structural components in plants.
The monosaccharides that make up carbohydrates are the simplest sugars in chemistry. Remember that the prefix mono means "one," meaning that most monomers are one sugar chain. Some of these monomers are written in rings, with all of their molecules connected in a circle. This structure is dependent on the individual molecules of the saccharide chain and does not always apply.Learn more in Atoms & Molecules
The four main categories of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. While there are some special cases to be found, these four molecules make up the bulk of living bodies, and each plays an essential role in regulating the body's chemistry.Full Answer >
The simplest carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, which have a carbon chain length of between three and seven. Many simple sugars are monosaccharides, including glucose and fructose. Note that glucose and fructose have the same chemical formula, but are arranged differently.Full Answer >
When monomers join together they form a polymer. A monomer is a single unit that is repeated several times to form a long chain of units, or a large molecule referred to as a macromolecule. Polymers can be naturally occurring as well as synthetic.Full Answer >
The monomers of DNA and RNA are nucleotides, which are made up of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar and a nitrogenous base. In DNA, the nitrogenous bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine. In RNA, the nitrogenous bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine and uracil.Full Answer >