When monomers join together they form a polymer. A monomer is a single unit that is repeated several times to form a long chain of units, or a large molecule referred to as a macromolecule. Polymers can be naturally occurring as well as synthetic.Know More
The process of combining monomer units into large molecules is called polymerization. Polyvinyl chloride is an example of a synthetic plastic polymer in which the monomer unit is the vinyl chloride unit, or C2H3Cl. Polyethylene and polypropylene are some widely used synthetic polymers.
Wool, rubber, amber, cellulose and silk are examples of naturally occurring polymers. The genetic material DNA, found in the nucleus of a cell, is also a polymer.Learn more about Chemistry
Carbohydrate monomers are called monosaccharides, which are also known as simple sugars. They are composed of either five or six carbons that have a ring-like structure and form a single sugar. Examples of monomers are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are all simple sugars. There are also disaccharides, which are two simple sugars bonded together, but they are not the main monomers of carbohydrates.Full Answer >
A synthetic polymer is a type of polymer made by engineers and scientists from artificial components rather than natural ones. Synthetic polymers are commonly found in consumer products such as epoxy, textiles, cookware, tires, plastic bottles and currency.Full Answer >
Unlike the other biological macromolecules, lipids are not polymers. Polymers are long chains of smaller repeating elements. DNA, carbohydrates and proteins are all polymers because they consist of chains of nucleotides, simple sugars and amino acids respectively. These macromolecules must be polymers by definition.Full Answer >
Two examples of polymers are polypropylene, or PP, a compound used in the carpet and upholstery industry, and polyethylene low density, or LDPE, a compound found in grocery bags. Polymers are compounds whose molecules are connected together in repeating chains.Full Answer >