Monomers are the building blocks that make up nucleic acid. Also known as nucleotides, they are composed of a five-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.Know More
Some nucleotides conduct vital cellular functions by functioning as an independent molecule. A common example of this is ATP, which stores energy.
Monomers are linked together through a chemical reaction called dehydration synthesis. When monomers are joined together, they transform into a polymer. If a bond is formed between the sugar of one monomer and the phosphate of another, it creates a polynucleotide.
There are five different types of nucleotides: uracil, cytosine, guanine, adenine and thymine.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Carbonic acid, hydrochloric acid and acetic acid are some acids that react with limestone, causing it to dissolve. Each of these acids reacts with limestone in different ways. Limestone is made up mainly of calcite that is the chemical compound calcium carbonate.Full Answer >
The two functional groups always found in amino acids are carboxyl and amino groups. Both groups are acidic. A peptide bond occurs when the carboxyl group of one amino acid joins the amino end of another.Full Answer >
Acids and bases differ in that acids release free hydrogen ions when they are dissolved in water. Bases accept those hydrogen ions and form acid salts.Full Answer >
Dr. Sharon Gwaltney-Brant explains on the Veterinary Support Personnel Network that acids typically cause pain upon exposure and produce localized coagulative necrosis of tissue. Alkaline products with a pH level above 11 are capable of causing serious corrosive injury.Full Answer >