Monsoons are seasonal shifts in winds where the land and ocean intersect. Monsoons usually bring higher than usual amounts of rainfall to an area and sometimes cause massive flooding.Know More
Monsoon is an Arabic word for season. Traditional shifts in wind patterns occur on a daily basis as the temperature on land fluctuates from sunrise to sunset. Monsoons occur seasonally during the hot part of the year in coastal regions. Warm air from the land rises and is replaced by cooler ocean air. As the warm air rises, it carries with it moisture from the ocean. This moisture condenses in the atmosphere, forming massive rain clouds. Heavy rainfall can last for months with a monsoon. Countries that experience monsoons get approximately 80 percent of their rainfall during the monsoon season.
Several monsoon systems exist on Earth. India, Asia, parts of Australia, the Southwestern United States and Western Africa are all affected by monsoon seasons. Though monsoons do not occur in every area, they do affect the global climate. Chain reactions caused by heavier than normal or weaker than normal monsoon seasons cause either very low or very heavy rainfall. This can lead to severe flooding or droughts, which can have a devastating effect on local economies.Learn more about Earth Science
According to the American Museum of Natural History, Antarctica is the windiest place on earth with winds that are regularly exceed 100 miles per hour. Commonwealth Bay in Antarctica regularly experiences winds in excess of 150 miles per hour.Full Answer >
Mudslides occur in areas where the land has been destabilized by the removal of vegetation, often as a result of wildfires or human activities. Mudslides tend to occur when there is a steep slope and may reoccur in the same location. The most commonly affected states in the United States include California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii.Full Answer >
Ocean water is salty primarily due to the large amounts of chloride and sodium on land which are dissolved by rainfall and carried to the sea by rivers and streams. Hydrothermal vents and underwater volcanoes located on the seabed also contribute dissolved salts to the ocean.Full Answer >
The heat that radiates from the sun and heats up the land begins to heat up the air and then escapes into the atmosphere due to the lack of clouds and humidity. This is the main reason that deserts can be hot during the day but cold during the night.Full Answer >