Na2CO3, or sodium carbonate, is a base. The compound is commonly known as soda ash in its anhydrous form or washing soda in its hydrated form.
The formation of sodium carbonate involves the reaction of sodium hydroxide and dissolved sodium hydrogen carbonate. When the solution is heated and evaporated, hydrated crystals of sodium carbonate are produced, also referred to as washing soda. Removing the water from the crystals by the application of heat yields the anhydrous form of sodium carbonate, known as soda ash.
There are various practical applications of sodium carbonate in the chemical industry. Washing soda is used to soften "hard" water by extracting insoluble carbonates. Soda ash is an important component in soaps, detergents and other household cleaning products. It is also used in processing petroleum and in the production of glass, rayon and paper.Learn More
Monopotassium phosphate, with the chemical formula KH2PO4 or H2KO4P, is neither a base nor an acid but a salt. A salt, usually in crystalline form, is produced via an acid-base chemical reaction. Monopotassium phosphate is the neutralized product of phosphoric acid and potassium hydroxide.Full Answer >
The definition of "pOH" is the negative of the logarithm of the concentration of hydroxide ions in a solution in units of molarity in base 10. It describes how alkaline a solution is; the more alkaline a solution is, the higher the concentration of hydroxide ions in the solution.Full Answer >
ATP, or Adenosine triphosphate, is a molecule that carries energy and is composed of a base, which in this case is adenine, a ribose sugar and three phosphate groups. The three phosphate groups, which are the alpha, beta and gamma phosphates, are connected to the five-carbon ribose sugar.Full Answer >
Mercuric acid is simply mercury that has been mixed with acid to create a desired reaction. Mercury reacts with concentrated sulphuric acid and concentrated nitric acid to form mercury(II) nitrate or can be dissolved in nitric acid to form mercury(I) nitrate.Full Answer >