The planet Mercury was named by ancient Romans after their messenger god and the god of travelers, Mercury. They believed that their messenger god, Mercury, had wings on his shoes and could fly quickly from one place to another.
CoolCosmos states that the Romans were familiar with seven bright celestial bodies. These objects were the sun, moon and five planets (including Mercury), which were visible to the naked eye. The planet Mercury moves around the Sun quickly, because it is closer to the Sun than the other planets. Therefore, the Romans named it after their fast-moving messenger god, Mercury, according to NASA.Learn More
The planet Mercury was first observed by Sumerians, a group of people who lived in Mesopotamia from 3,500 B.C. to 2,000 B.C. Sumerians called the planet Enki.Full Answer >
In multiple civilizations, the planet Mars was named for its red color. The ancient Romans named Mars after their god of war because of its red, blood-like hue. The ancient Greeks named the planet Ares after their war god. The Chinese called it "the fire star," and the Egyptians called the planet "Her Desher," which means "the red one."Full Answer >
The planet Mercury completes a single rotation in just under 176 days. Mercury was once thought to be tidally locked, and its rotation was not discovered until 1965.Full Answer >
Most of the surface of the planet Mercury is gray or dark gray in color. The surface is, however, broken up by small and large craters and several areas of lighter gray.Full Answer >