Examples of dead volcanoes, more commonly referred to as extinct volcanoes, include Mount Ashitaka in Japan, Hohentwiel in Germany, Huascarán in Peru, Kyushu-Palau Ridge in the Philippine Sea, Mount Buninyong in Australia, Shiprock in the United States and Zuidwal in the Netherlands. Geologists define an extinct volcano as one that has not erupted in 10,000 years and no longer has an underground supply of lava.Know More
Additional volcanoes that geologists believe are extinct include Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Mount Warning in Australia, Chaîne des Puys in France and Elbrus in Russia. Some volcanoes listed as dormant may actually be extinct, while other volcanoes technically listed as extinct may just be dormant. For example, the 2004 eruption of Alaska's Fourpeaked Mountain occurred more than 10,000 years after its previous eruption, meaning that its classification as extinct was incorrect.
Other famous examples of extinct volcanoes erupting after more than 10,000 years include the Soufriere Hills volcano in Montserrat in 1995 and the Pompeii-destroying eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Although geologists believe that the Yellowstone Caldera in Yellowstone National Park has not erupted for over 640,000 years, some scientists believe it may still be active, due to evidence of minor lava flow and frequent small earthquakes, which are a sign of seismic activity.Learn more about Volcanoes
Based upon the number of large explosions over the past 10,000 years, the most active explosive volcanoes are, in order: Shiveluch in Russia, Pel?e in Martinique, Cotopaxi in Ecuador, Katla in Iceland, Arenal in Costa Rica, Hekla in Iceland, Ibusuki Volcanic Field in Japan, Taupo in New Zealand, Vesuvius in Italy and Avachinsky in Kamchatka. Shiveluch has erupted the most, 43 times, compared to 22 times for Pel?e.Full Answer >
Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.Full Answer >
Names of some of the world's most famous volcanoes include Mount Vesuvius, Krakatoa, Mount St. Helens and Mount Tambora. While some of these volcanoes are known to be dangerous, as of 2015 some have not been active for over 100 years.Full Answer >
Mount Fuji and Mount Ranier are both names of dormant volcanoes. Dormant volcanoes are those that have not recently erupted but are still expected to at some point in time.Full Answer >