Fungi and bacteria are primary decomposers. Different types of worms, mushrooms, termites, snails and slugs are also considered to be decomposers. Decomposers break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals.Know More
Decomposers are called nature's recyclers, as they break down the organic matter in an ecosystem. The term "organic matter" refers to the matter that comes from living organisms. Decomposers convert all organic matter into carbon dioxide, which they respire, and nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium, that can be used by the producers. This process resupplies nutrients to the ecosystem and results in greater primary production. Decomposers play one of the most important roles to balance the food chain of an ecosystem.
Bacteria and fungi do the majority of decomposition activity. Fungi work on plants, breaking down cellulose and lignin, the largest of the complex carbohydrates. Bacteria work on everything from animal proteins to plant carbohydrates. Once these complex compounds are broken down into smaller molecules, they can be ingested by small animals such as insects or taken up by plants and thus recycle the food chain again. Decomposers are also important as they remove the dead and decaying organic matter from ecosystems and make the environment clean and inhabitable.Learn more about Environmental Science
Decomposers help the environment by breaking down large organic molecules into forms that other organisms can use, releasing them into the ground, water and air. They can get energy from organic compounds other species cannot. Without decomposers, many of these compounds would remain unusable and would even obstruct new life.Full Answer >
There are three main decomposers in the prairie: the dung beetle, carrion beetle and worm. These insects help the prairie ecosystem decompose waste left by plants and animals. They have an important role to play in the ecosystem's food web, according to Nature Works. They recycle the waste from plants and animals into useful chemicals such as carbon and nitrogen, which in turn benefit both the air and soil.Full Answer >
The major decomposers on the African Savannah are the African land snail, the African dung beetle, mushrooms/fungi and bacteria. Decomposers play an important part of the Savannah's ecosystem. They eat dead and decaying organic matter such as grass and animal carcasses, and the matter is digested and released back into the soil where it fertilizes new plants.Full Answer >
The decomposers in an underwater ecosystem are animal-like organisms called protists, fungi and bacteria. Referred to as saprotrophs, these organisms decompose dead matter from higher-level plants and animals, facilitating the re-entry of nutrients into the ecosystem in the form of raw nutrients and carbon dioxide.Full Answer >