The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created in 1958 as an agency charged with overseeing all non-military aerospace programs. Previously, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) handled rocket research and other aerospace activities, but the Soviet launch of Sputnik made it apparent that the United States needed to focus its efforts in order to avoid being left behind in the space race. One of NASA's first goals was putting a man into space.Know More
NASA absorbed its predecessor NACA, as well as aerospace departments of some military organizations. Of particular note was the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, where Wernher von Braun was working on rocket designs capable of carrying large payloads into space. His expertise would be instrumental to the fledgling aerospace organization. Bringing these organizations into a single department helped reduce inefficiencies and the duplication of efforts, allowing the brightest aerospace minds in the country to work together instead of competing. NASA began by taking over unmanned programs that had begun in these other groups before moving on to the more audacious task of sending up a human astronaut with Project Mercury.
While NASA formed as a civilian organization, it maintained close ties with the military. Many of the original astronauts were military test pilots, familiar with the risks involved in piloting experimental vehicles and pushing the envelope in terms of their capabilities.Learn more about Space Travel
The vision statement of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is: "To reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind." NASA was created by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958 in response to the launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union. The precursor to NASA was the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics created in 1946.Full Answer >
NASA is the acronym for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was founded by the U.S. government in 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower and grew out of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. It deals primarily with aviation and space.Full Answer >
The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration says that the space shuttle holds more than 1 million gallons of propellants at liftoff. The space shuttle uses a combination of oxygen, hydrogen, hydrazine, monomethylhydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide to power the craft, and fuel is needed at liftoff and while in use.Full Answer >
The spacesuit used by NASA separates into two parts, allowing an astronaut to don the legs before climbing into the upper torso module that contains the life-support gear. Before climbing in, however, the astronaut must first put on a spandex cooling and ventilation suit, communications gear, medical sensors and a urine collector. Once the suit is locked, the astronaut adds a helmet and gloves for full protection.Full Answer >