According to the University of Washington, the nervous systems works with other body systems by sending commands to the other systems and receiving information back from them. Additionally, some of the body’s systems and structures, such as the vertebrae and skull, help to protect the central nervous system.Know More
According to LiveScience, the nervous system is a collection of nerves, neurons and other organs, including the brain. These components send and receive messages to and from the various parts of the body. Humans and other vertebrates have both a central nervous system and a peripheral nervous system.
The muscular system provides a good example of an organ system working with the nervous system. According to the University of Washington, receptors in the muscles send information to the brain regarding the position and movement of a muscle or group of muscles. However, the flow of information changes when the brain seeks to control skeletal muscle movement by sending signals to the muscles.
The University of Washington also explains the cooperation between the nervous system and the lymphatic and respiratory systems. The brain signals the lymphatic system to mount a defense against pathogens, essentially coordinating the immune response. The respiratory system is controlled by the central nervous system. The brain monitors blood gas levels and regulates the respiratory rate.Learn More
Iowa State University points out that the nervous system uses glucose for fuel. Glucose is especially important for the proper functioning of the central nervous system and the brain.Full Answer >
Neural foramina are the openings in the spinal vertebrae that allow the nerve roots to exit and connect to the rest of the body. Every pair of vertebrae have two neural foramina between them.Full Answer >
The function of the axon terminal is to transmit a neurotransmitter from one neuron to another. The neurotransmitter is released from the end of the axon of one neuron and binds to the dendrites of the target neuron. Neurotransmitters may be classified as excitatory or inhibitory or both, as in the case of dopamine or acetylcholine.Full Answer >
The optic nerve, also called cranial nerve II or the second cranial nerve, is responsible for carrying images from the eyes to the brain. The transfer of visual information begins in the retina and travels to the brain's visual centers with the help of electrical impulses.Full Answer >