Common household vinegar is a good choice for neutralizing ammonia. Because ammonia is so prevalent in urine, vinegar is an excellent choice in cleaning up pet accidents and mitigating pet odors. Since ammonia in urine is not pure aqueous ammonia, a mixture of vinegar and water is acceptable for this purpose.Know More
The pH scale measures the strength of acids and bases. Neutral substances, such as water, have a pH of 7. Compounds with a lower pH are acids, and compounds with a higher pH are bases. Ammonia is an alkaline, or basic, chemical made of one nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms. Ammonia occurs naturally in trace amounts when organic material decays. The kidneys also secrete ammonia as a means of neutralizing acid. As a base, ammonia easily gives up electrons and accepts protons. Acids neutralize bases because they accept electrons and give up protons. Aqueous ammonia has a pH of approximately 12, and vinegar has a pH of about 3.
Ammonia itself is a common household cleaner. Caution is necessary when mixing any cleaners because some mixtures, such as ammonia and bleach, release toxic chemicals. Ammonia and vinegar are not likely to release dangerous fumes, but the combination is a neutral solution with little use as a solvent or cleaner.Learn more in Chemistry
The molar mass of NH3, which is the chemical formula for ammonia, is about 17.03 grams per mole. The molar mass of a compound is calculated by finding the atomic mass per mole of each atom in the compound and adding them together.Full Answer >
When heated, ammonium chloride decomposes into ammonia and hydrogen chloride. The visible effect of this reaction is that the compound appears to sublimate into a gaseous state. When the gases cool, they crystallize into their original state: solid ammonium chloride.Full Answer >
The Haber process is a chemical reaction in which diatomic nitrogen gas reacts with hydrogen gas to form ammonia. The reaction equation is: N2 + 3H2 --> 2NH3. Although this reaction looks deceptively simple, the Haber process generates ammonia only under conditions of high pressure and temperature, on the order of 200 atmospheres and 400 degrees Celsius. Iron oxides or osmium can act as catalysts to speed up the reaction.Full Answer >
The chemical that is designated with the chemical notation of Nh3 is ammonia. Ammonia is a colorless gas at room temperature that has a strong, suffocating odor. In its liquid form, which is commonly used in refrigerants, ammonia is colorless or clear and does not contain any visible impurities.Full Answer >