Common household vinegar is a good choice for neutralizing ammonia. Because ammonia is so prevalent in urine, vinegar is an excellent choice in cleaning up pet accidents and mitigating pet odors. Since ammonia in urine is not pure aqueous ammonia, a mixture of vinegar and water is acceptable for this purpose.Know More
The pH scale measures the strength of acids and bases. Neutral substances, such as water, have a pH of 7. Compounds with a lower pH are acids, and compounds with a higher pH are bases. Ammonia is an alkaline, or basic, chemical made of one nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms. Ammonia occurs naturally in trace amounts when organic material decays. The kidneys also secrete ammonia as a means of neutralizing acid. As a base, ammonia easily gives up electrons and accepts protons. Acids neutralize bases because they accept electrons and give up protons. Aqueous ammonia has a pH of approximately 12, and vinegar has a pH of about 3.
Ammonia itself is a common household cleaner. Caution is necessary when mixing any cleaners because some mixtures, such as ammonia and bleach, release toxic chemicals. Ammonia and vinegar are not likely to release dangerous fumes, but the combination is a neutral solution with little use as a solvent or cleaner.Learn More
Ammonium oxide is the chemical reaction that occurs between ammonia and oxygen. This reaction is often observed through the combination of ammonia with water. This molecule is created by the formation of a planar chain of molecules.Full Answer >
One of the biggest chemical reactions made from household items is between ammonia and bleach, creating toxic gas that can cause asphyxia and black-outs. Chemical reactions occur when two unlike molecules are joined.Full Answer >
The Haber process is a chemical reaction in which diatomic nitrogen gas reacts with hydrogen gas to form ammonia. The reaction equation is: N2 + 3H2 --> 2NH3. Although this reaction looks deceptively simple, the Haber process generates ammonia only under conditions of high pressure and temperature, on the order of 200 atmospheres and 400 degrees Celsius. Iron oxides or osmium can act as catalysts to speed up the reaction.Full Answer >
The neutralization of an acidic substance is accomplished by combining it with a basic substance, which results in the formation of water and a salt, explains UC Davis ChemWiki. The neutralization reaction occurs due to the acid donating H+ ions while the base donates OH- ions.Full Answer >