NH3 is not a strong base. A weak base is defined as a base that does not completely dissociate into ions when in a solution. Weak bases are also known as weak electrolytes and reactions with them are reversible.Know More
Weak bases only react with water in a small amount when in a solution. When reacting with water, the weak base accepts H+ ions. However, the majority of the solution in a state of equilibrium consists of the unionized form of the base, with about 10 percent consisting of the hydroxide ions and the conjugate acid.
In contrast, a strong base, such as an alkali metal, will completely break down into ions when placed in a solution.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Vinegar is a solution of acetic acid, which is a weak acid, and can be neutralized by adding a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide. In such a neutralization reaction, the pH of the resulting solution is greater than 7, unlike in strong acid and strong base reactions where the pH is close to 7. Acetic acid cannot be completely neutralized by a weak base, such as ammonia.Full Answer >
Hydrochloric acid — also known as muriatic acid — is a strong acid, while carbonic acid is a weak acid. The chemical formula for hydrochloric acid is HCl. The formula for carbonic acid is H2CO3.Full Answer >
A strong acid is any chemical compound that completely dissociates once it comes into contact with water. The dissociation must be full in order for the compound to be considered a strong acid. Conversely, weak acids do not completely dissociate when they come into contact with water.Full Answer >
The acid HI, known as hydroiodic acid, is one of a handful of strong acids. A strong acid is defined based on its acid dissociation constant, which measures how much the hydrogen atom dissociates when the acid is added to a solution.Full Answer >