A nonferrous alloy is a metal containing no iron. The word ferrous is a derivative of the Latin name for iron, ferrum, which means firmness. The chemical symbol for iron, Fe, also comes from this Latin name for the metal.
An alloy is a mixture including at least one metal and one other element. Some include two or more metals. Creating an alloy often results in a material that has greater strength than the substances from which it comes. For example, stainless steel, a ferrous alloy, combines iron and carbon to create an alloy that resists rust.
Brass and bronze are examples of nonferrous alloys. Their base metal is copper instead of iron. Engineers in the aircraft and aerospace industries often specify nonferrous alloys because they are lighter in weight, strong and resist corrosion. In other applications, they choose these materials due to their ability to conduct electricity.
The government mints coins with nonferrous alloys. It makes pennies from a copper alloy and nickels from a copper and nickel alloy. It makes the quarter using a similar cupronickel alloy to that of the nickel covering a pure copper center. In 2014, the only gold coins the mint produces are commemorative coins. The alloys used in coins allow them to remain in circulation for many years.Learn More
Iron(III) chlorate is a chemical compound represented by the molecular formula "Fe(ClO3)3." It also goes by the name "ferric chlorate." It has a molar mass of about 306.19 grams per mole.Full Answer >
The melting point of steel varies depending on the elemental properties of the alloy. Carbon steel has a wider melting point range than stainless steel. Carbon steel melts between 2,597 and 2,804 degrees Fahrenheit, while stainless steel melts at approximately 2,750 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >
Stainless steel is an alloy containing at least 11.5 percent chromium and at least 50 percent iron. Additional components are nickel, carbon, manganese, silicon and nitrogen. The amount of each component is varied according to the desired use.Full Answer >
Gold is usually mixed with copper, zinc or silver to create an alloy suitable for use in jewelry. The ratio of gold to other elements varies, depending on the karat and the gold color.Full Answer >