According to Purdue University, nucleotides are used to construct nucleic acids, including DNA, tRNA, rRNA and mRNA. Nucleic acids are long polymers of nucleotides that store and transfer information and regulate processes within the cells of all life forms on Earth.Know More
Three units comprise each nucleotide: a sugar, an amine and a phosphate. A nucleic acid polymer is formed when the phosphate and sugar components of adjacent nucleotides bind together to form the backbone of the polymer.
Nucleic acids are:
DNA stores the genetic material of an organism. The sequence of nucleotides along the DNA strands controls the sequence of amino acids added to the proteins as they are synthesized and plays a role in regulating which proteins are produced.
Several types of RNA transfer information within the cell and help regulate cellular processes.
Flora and fauna mean plants and animals; the word "flora" is used to discuss plant life, while the word "fauna" refers to animal life. This term is often applied to a specific biome, ecosystem or place, such as "the flora and fauna of the New Mexico desert" or "common flora and fauna of the tundra." These are just two forms of life that can exist in a place and do not include other life forms such as fungi or single-celled, non-plant and non-animal organisms such as bacteria; the general term to refer to all of the different forms of life that can exist in a specific place is "biota."Full Answer >
The principles of biology are used daily in the areas of health, hygiene and food preparation, among others. Often, people's everyday applications of biology involve microbes and the control of disease.Full Answer >
Carotenoids, a type of pigment, are used in photosynthesis to absorb sunlight for plants to convert into energy. Pigments are substances that absorb light in a specific spectrum. Carotenoids typically absorb light in the violet to green light spectrum, which is from about 400 to 550 nanometers.Full Answer >
Oxygen is used as an electron acceptor within the electron transport chain of aerobic respiration to generate adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. This compound is an essential component in intracellular energy transfer. Aerobic cellular respiration is in direct contrast of anaerobic respiration, which does not require oxygen.Full Answer >