The element carbon contains six protons in its atomic structure. Carbon has six neutrons that exist with the protons, found in the nucleus of each atom of carbon.
The atomic symbol for carbon is C. The element has an atomic number of 6. The element contains six electrons in the outer shells of the atom. The name "carbon" originates from the Latin word "carbo," which means coal or charcoal.
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe. The element is the second most commonly found element in the human body; the most common element in the human body is oxygen.Learn More
Ionic bonds form between atoms that transfer electrons to one another. These bonds require at least one electron donor and one electron acceptor. During ionic bonding, a complete transfer of valence electrons takes place between atoms.Full Answer >
Nitrogen is a diatomic element. There are six other diatomic elements: hydrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, iodine and bromine. Diatomic molecules only form when two atoms of the same element are bonded together with no other element.Full Answer >
Electrons undergo motion due to the effect of electrical and magnetic fields, or thermal energy. The motion of electrons under the effects of thermal kinetic energy lends them thermal velocity, whereas the motion of electrons under the effects of electrical or magnetic fields lends them drift velocity.Full Answer >
Calcium belongs to the family of elements called the alkaline earth metals. It is placed in Period 4 and Group 2, or the S-block, of the Periodic Table of Elements. It is a soft grey metal with atomic number 20 and weighs 40.078 atomic mass units.Full Answer >