Electrons occupy the energy levels of an atom. The energy level of an atom exists in the electron cloud that surrounds the nucleus. The nucleus is home to the protons and neutrons of the atom.Know More
Electrons are negatively charged. This negative charge balances out the positive charge of the protons in the nucleus of the atom.
Electrons move at a high speed, making it hard to pinpoint their exact location. The electrons are organized in shells at a specific distance away from the nucleus.
The higher the atomic number of an element is, the more electrons it has; therefore, those with higher atomic numbers have more shells and are larger.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The highest occupied level is the outermost level of the atom that contains electrons. Atoms have several levels much like a house, and each level of the atom fills with electrons level by level starting at the lowest. The first level of the atom fills up first. Then, the second level fills up and so forth. Not every atom has all of its levels occupied by electrons. For some atoms, the highest occupied level is the first level, while for others it is the third level.Full Answer >
Nuclear energy is stored in the nucleus of an atom and holds the nucleus together. Substantial amounts of nuclear energy are released when splitting or fusing nuclei.Full Answer >
The ionization energy of an element is the amount of energy needed to rip an electron from an atom in the gaseous state. The ionization energy increases going up and to the right of the periodic table.Full Answer >
There is a potential maximum of 50 electrons in the fifth energy level of an atom. The formula for determining the maximum number of electrons in any energy level is two times n squared, where n is the energy level.Full Answer >