To make a solenoid, you need a hollow cylinder, a battery and lots of conducting wire. The wire must be wound dozens of times around the cylinder, with both ends connected to a battery. This allows the current to flow, replicating the effect of a bar magnet.Know More
Determine the size of your solenoid, and arrange for materials accordingly. For a hollow cylinder, arrange for something similar to the cardboard of a toilet roll. Length of the conducting wire should be adequate for three to four dozen winds around the cylinder. Get a battery of an appropriate voltage. In this case, a 5-volt should work fine.
Wind the conducting wire in tight, close packing around the cylinder around 40 to 50 times. The ends of the wire should be left loose to connect to the battery.
Attach one end of the wire to the positive and one end to the negative terminal of the battery. To test the solenoid, lower a piece of conducting metal or a magnet into the cylinder. Due to the induced magnetic field of the solenoid, the metal piece or magnet should be seen moving inside the cylinder.
A common wire is either a connecting wire or a type of neutral wiring, depending on the electrical circuit. When it works as a connecting wire, the wire connects at least two wires of a circuit together.Full Answer >
Dynamos produce electric current by rotating a wire within a magnetic field. Another method rotates a permanent magnet around coils of wire. Both processes produce alternating current because the wire passes between two magnetic poles every half turn. A commutator can turn the alternating current into direct current pulses, a common practice in early days before alternating current became the standard.Full Answer >
The resistance of a typical conducting wire is low when temperature is low and high when temperature is high. The increase in resistance alongside temperature is due to an increase in energy of the wire atoms, which cause them to vibrate more and impede the path of the electrons flowing through.Full Answer >
Resistance occurs when the electrons carrying an electrical charge collide with the atoms of a wire and are impeded. A longer wire provides more opportunities for collisions, which in turn creates greater resistance.Full Answer >