The opposite of vaporization is called condensation. Vaporization is a change of state in which a substance goes from liquid to gas, while condensation is when a substance goes from gas to liquid.Know More
Substances can change states due to changes in temperature or pressure. Typically, substances change from one level of energy to the next closest one, such as from water to gas.
However, there are some exceptions that skip the middle energy state. For example, sublimation (solid to gas) usually occurs when dry ice is exposed to room temperature air. Changes in state are driven by changes in average molecular energy.
Gases have the most energy, while liquids are in the middle and solids have the least.Learn more about States of Matter
The heat of vaporization is the amount of energy that is required to convert a substance from liquid to gaseous state without changing its temperature. A substance with a high heat of evaporation takes longer to transform between the two states.Full Answer >
The melting point of pure 24-carat gold is 1945 degrees Fahrenheit. This is fairly average for a metal, being three times higher than the melting point of lead and a third of the melting point of tungsten.Full Answer >
According to the U.S. Geological Survey Water Science School, water is considered the universal solvent because it dissolves more substances that any other liquid. Because of water’s chemical properties, where one side (hydrogen) is a positive pole and the other (oxygen) is a negative pole, water molecules attract other molecules. Very strong attraction, as with salt (NaCl), breaks the chemical bonds between the components, sodium and chloride, dissolving the salt.Full Answer >
A characteristic property of matter is a chemical or physical property that can help to identify or distinguish one substance from another. Some physical properties of a substance are density, solubility, melting point, color and mass. Chemical properties of matter include flammability, reactivity with acids and corrosion.Full Answer >