The opposite of vaporization is called condensation. Vaporization is a change of state in which a substance goes from liquid to gas, while condensation is when a substance goes from gas to liquid.Know More
Substances can change states due to changes in temperature or pressure. Typically, substances change from one level of energy to the next closest one, such as from water to gas.
However, there are some exceptions that skip the middle energy state. For example, sublimation (solid to gas) usually occurs when dry ice is exposed to room temperature air. Changes in state are driven by changes in average molecular energy.
Gases have the most energy, while liquids are in the middle and solids have the least.Learn more about States of Matter
The heat of vaporization is the amount of energy that is required to convert a substance from liquid to gaseous state without changing its temperature. A substance with a high heat of evaporation takes longer to transform between the two states.Full Answer >
An ice cube melts faster in water than it does in air, given equal circumstances. Heat-energy is needed in order for an ice cube to melt. Heat-energy travels faster through water than it does through air.Full Answer >
Salt is strewn on roads in winter in order to lower the freezing point of water, which has the effect of preventing new ice from forming. While salt does not directly melt ice, any ice that does melt is prevented from refreezing, effectively reducing the amount of ice present.Full Answer >
Examples of plasma include solar wind, lightning, the gases in neon signs, welding arcs, interstellar gas clouds and the tails of comets. Plasma is the most common state of matter in the universe. A plasma occurs when a gas is extremely heated or subjected to a strong magnetic field.Full Answer >