The opposite of vaporization is called condensation. Vaporization is a change of state in which a substance goes from liquid to gas, while condensation is when a substance goes from gas to liquid.Know More
Substances can change states due to changes in temperature or pressure. Typically, substances change from one level of energy to the next closest one, such as from water to gas.
However, there are some exceptions that skip the middle energy state. For example, sublimation (solid to gas) usually occurs when dry ice is exposed to room temperature air. Changes in state are driven by changes in average molecular energy.
Gases have the most energy, while liquids are in the middle and solids have the least.Learn more about States of Matter
The heat of vaporization is the amount of energy that is required to convert a substance from liquid to gaseous state without changing its temperature. A substance with a high heat of evaporation takes longer to transform between the two states.Full Answer >
The equation PV = nRT is called the ideal gas law. It states that pressure times volume equals the number of moles of gas molecules times temperature times the ideal gas constant. By convention, pressure is converted into atmospheres (atm), volume into liters (L) and temperature into degrees Kelvin (K).Full Answer >
Nitrogen gas is not flammable. It will not readily burn or support combustion. It is an inert material, and this inert quality makes it useful in industrial applications to prevent combustion of other materials.Full Answer >
The melting point of aluminum at sea level is 1,221 degrees Fahrenheit. Measured in Celsius, aluminum will melt at approximately 660 degrees. There are slight variations in the exact melting point of aluminum created by differences in the atmospheric pressure and the purity of the metal.Full Answer >