Organic compounds are a class of complex molecules that are characterized by their use of carbon as a molecular backbone. Carbon is able to bond with up to four other atoms, which makes it ideal for building up the complicated molecules typical of organic chemistry.Know More
All organic compounds make use of carbon in some way, but not all carbon-based molecules are regarded as organic. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, for example, are relatively simple and are usually regarded as outside of the organic group despite their use of carbon.
Apart from their complexity, organic compounds are of interest because of their role in the chemistry of life on Earth. All living things are built from organic compounds, and every known biological process depends on their reactions. Organic compounds also play a big role in the world's energy economy. Much of the world's energy is derived from the controlled burning of organic compounds, known as hydrocarbons, to generate electricity and power vehicles. Hydrocarbons are also used to produce synthetic materials such as plastic.
Some organic compounds occur naturally and can be extracted from their source in an almost pure form. Rubber is an example of a naturally occurring organic compound. Other compounds are considered synthetic and have to be built up from other molecules, such as most polymers.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Water is not an organic compound. An organic compound must contain one or more carbon atoms covalently bonded to atoms of other elements, such as hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. Water only contains hydrogen and oxygen.Full Answer >
Cellulose is the most abundant organic compound on the earth. It is found in every plant on the earth, making up the structure of a plant's cell walls and helping to hold the plant together.Full Answer >
An enzyme is a type of protein that is used by cells to speed up chemical reactions. It acts as a catalyst, which means it participates in and affects a reaction but is not itself altered by that reaction.Full Answer >
Organic chemistry is often used as a pre-qualifying class for chemistry and pre-med students and is considered to be difficult, according to the New York Times. The obstacle comes from the non-mathematical nature of the field. While many students are able to memorize equations in other sciences, organic chemistry requires a thorough understanding of the subject.Full Answer >