Mercury is 0.61 astronomical units (AU) from Earth, while Venus is 0.28 AU from Earth. Mars is 0.52 AU from Earth, while Jupiter is 4.20 AU from Earth. Saturn is 8.54 AU from Earth, Uranus is 18.14 AU from Earth and Neptune is 29.06 AU from Earth.Know More
Pluto, which is no longer considered an official planet, is about 48 AU from the Earth. Because the orbits of the planets are elliptical, the distances change over time. Pluto's orbit is so eccentric that it can be closer to Earth than Neptune.
An astronomical unit is 149,597,870,700 meters. It represents the distance from the Earth to the Sun.Learn more about Planets
The surface gravity on Mercury is 3.7 meters per second squared, which is 38 percent of the surface gravity on Earth. Surface gravity is typically measured in acceleration units.Full Answer >
The diameters of the planets are as follows: Mercury is 3,032 miles; Venus is 7,521 miles; Earth is 7,926 miles; Mars is 4,222 miles; Jupiter is 88,846 miles; Saturn is 74,898 miles; Uranus is 31,763 miles; Neptune is 30,778 miles. As a result, the largest planet by diameter is Jupiter and the smallest is Mercury.Full Answer >
NASA has observed that one day on Mercury is the equivalent of 59 days on Earth. A year on the planet, however, is only the length of 88 Earth days, since, at a distance of about 36 million miles, Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun.Full Answer >
The eight described planets all orbit the Sun at different distances; Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, followed by Venus, then Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. The distances of the planets are normally measured in kilometers, because scientists use metric measurements. However, scientists also use a unit called an “astronomical unit,” which is equal to the distance between Earth and the sun.Full Answer >