Parts of the human leg are bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and blood vessels. The bones of the leg, from top to bottom, are the femur, a long bone with a ball-shaped head that fits into the socket of the hip bone. The lower end of the femur lies above the patella, which lies behind the knee.Know More
Beneath the patella is the tibia, another long bone. The fibula, a long, slender bone on the outside of the tibia, is connected at the top to the tibia and at the bottom to the ankle at the lateral malleolus.
The bones in the feet are divided into the tarsal bones in the back, the metatarsal bones in the middle and the phalanges up front. Some of the muscles that support the leg are the rectus femoris and the adductor and vastus muscles in the thigh area. Muscles in the lower leg include the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and the peroneus longus and brevis muscles.
Nerves that serve the legs include the saphenous nerves, the sciatic nerve, the tibial nerves and the peroneal nerves. Parts of the circulatory system that serve the leg are the tibial, saphenous, femoral and iliac veins and the popliteal, fibular, tibial and iliac arteries.Learn more about Human Anatomy
Photos of the human body are available on websites like National Geographic and Healthline. Science Kids offers less graphic, detailed illustrations and photos that are suitable for children learning about biology. Interactive and narrative videos are also available on some websites.Full Answer >
The American Association of Anatomists explains the "Terminologica Anatomica" lists more than 7,500 named, human body parts in Latin, as of November 2014. The list of human body parts includes dozens of organs, more than 200 bones, hundreds of muscles, nerves, blood vessels and microscopic structures. Parts of the body have various Latin monikers in scientific terms, usually in two or three words.Full Answer >
Italian scientists have confirmed that the parts of the body that consist of cartilage continue to grow until the day of death. This includes one's nose and ears. Earlobes contain cartilage but also elongate due to gravitational force.Full Answer >
The human heart is a four-chambered organ that comprises two atria, two ventricles, four valves, two primary veins and the largest artery in the body. The size of a typical adult heart is comparative to a closed fist, weighing approximately 11 ounces, as noted by The Franklin Institute.Full Answer >