The percent ionization is the amount or percentage of a weak acid that exists as ions in a particular concentration. Strong acids and bases isolate altogether into ions in a solution, while weak acids and bases do not.
Percent ionization has important applications in chemistry. Drug absorption rates can be calculated and appropriate doses can be given according to ionization. The ionization rate also affects how a drug should be given and if a dosage affects the fetus of a pregnant woman. Non-ionized lipids are well-absorbed through cell membranes, while ionized or water-soluble medication is poorly absorbed via oral ingestion.Learn More
Cracking is the chemical process of breaking down large hydrocarbon molecules into useful products. For example, cracking breaks down the hydrocarbon molecules of decane into propene and heptane.Full Answer >
Glucose is the only monosaccharide present in maltose. Each unit of maltose is composed of two units of glucose. Its isomer, isomaltose, is also composed solely of glucose.Full Answer >
The element that has the largest atomic radius is cesium. It has an atomic radius of 298 pm, or picometers. An alkali metal, cesium is so active that it instantly explodes if dropped into cold water. It's also one of the few metals that becomes a liquid at close to room temperature. Its melting point is 83.19 degrees Fahrenheit.Full Answer >
Hydrogen peroxide, also known as dihydrogen dioxide, has a pH level anywhere from 1 to 5, depending on the solution's concentration and how it is produced. Many hydrogen peroxide solutions contain stabilizers that affect the product's pH. The solution's pH level can be increased or decreased depending on the exact stabilizer that is used.Full Answer >