Q:

What is the pH of ammonia?

A:

Quick Answer

The pH of ammonia is about 11, which makes it a fairly weak base. According to the pH scale, substances with a pH lower than 7 are acids, whereas those with a pH greater than 7 are bases.

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Full Answer

At a pH of 7, pure water is neither an acid nor a base. Ammonia, with its high pH, is a base that is often used as a cleaner or disinfectant. Many bases have varied uses in the cleaning industry.

Ammonia, in its natural state, is a gas deprived of color that has a strong odor. Oftentimes, ammonia is put into a solution for ease of use. This solution consists of 95 percent water. The ammonia used in cleaning solutions is not in its pure form.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Is NH3 an acid?

    A:

    The molecule NH3, known as ammonia, is a weak base, not an acid. It undergoes a reaction with water where the water molecule is broken apart, forming ammonium and hydroxide ions. The hydroxide ions can accept hydrogen ions from acids, creating water molecules and neutralizing them.

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  • Q:

    Is it dangerous to inhale Clorox bleach?

    A:

    Inhaling Clorox bleach is dangerous and can lead to poisoning, especially if mixed with ammonia. Symptoms caused by inhaling fumes from Clorox bleach include coughing, gagging, delirium, and burns in the airway and lungs. If a person inhales Clorox bleach fumes, he must immediately be moved to fresh air.

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  • Q:

    What are examples of acids and bases at home?

    A:

    Common household substances that are acidic include coffee, battery acid, vinegar and lemon juice, while common household substances that are basic include drain cleaner, bleach, soap, ammonia, milk of magnesia and baking soda. An acid is a substance that has a pH value of less than seven, while a base is a substance that has a pH value of greater than seven.

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  • Q:

    What is the pH of NaCl?

    A:

    The pH value of NaCl, which is sodium chloride, is 7, making NaCl a neutral substance. While substances with pH values of 7 are considered neutral, those with pH values between 0 and 7 are considered acidic, and those with pH values greater than 7 are considered basic.

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