Unpolluted rain has a pH value between 5 and 6. Rain is always slightly acidic due to oxidation, but it becomes dangerous when its pH level reaches 4 or lower.Know More
Normal rain at the 5 or 6 pH value is considered almost neutral on the pH scale, therefore negative effects of this rain are not measured. However, when sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides increase acidity, rain can become known as acid rain. Acid rain typically has a pH value of 4, although it has been recorded as being as low as pH2.
While the strongest acid rain has shared a pH level near that of vinegar (2.2) and lemon juice (2.3), acid rain is dangerous for the environment. It begins to dissolve the nutrients in the soil that plant life needs, introduces toxic substances into the soil such as aluminium, as well as threatens the fragile nature of aquatic-based ecosystems. Some fish, for example, will suffer mutations, which in turn declines the population of their species. This may lead to an increase in the population of the larger insects these fish feed on, thereby decreasing the population of smaller insects or plankton which the larger insects eat. The decline of the larger insect's food supply could cause the population of larger insects to drop rapidly, followed by a sudden increased fall in the already declining population of the fish.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Bleach has a pH value of around 12 or 13. The pH scale is used as a measure of the acidity or basicity of solutions in which the solvent is water. Solutions with a pH value of 7 or less are acidic, while those above this number are basic.Full Answer >
With a pH value of 5, black coffee is acidic. Water has a pH of 7 and is considered neutral. Anything lower than 7 is acidic, while anything higher than 7 is alkaline. Bananas have the same pH value of coffee at 5.Full Answer >
Dilution drives the pH value of an acidic or basic solution toward 7. The pH values of acidic solutions increase with dilution, while the pH values of basic solutions decrease with dilution.Full Answer >
Acid-base indicators are important because they help chemists get an estimate of the pH value of a given substance. These indicators can be used to classify substances as acids or bases, which are two important classifications in the world of chemistry. Acid-base indicators are usually weak acids or bases and are able to respond to changes in the hydrogen ion concentration of an unknown substance.Full Answer >