The anaphase takes only a few minutes to complete, making it the shortest of the five phases of mitosis. Despite the short duration, the phase consists of two parts known as anaphase A and B.
During the first part of anaphase, the sister chromatids split apart and start their journey to two opposite poles of the cell. The spindles are shortened at this point. During late anaphase, the chromatids reach the opposite poles, which then move farther apart from one another to ready the cell for the final stage of mitosis known as telephase. At this point, the cell contains eight chromosomes.Learn More
Mitosis and meiosis are biological functions that create cell division and enable reproduction. These two processes are similar in that they produce offspring cells, but differ in the type of cells they produce. While mitosis results in the generation of two identical daughter cells that originate from single parent cells, meiosis involves the fission of two nuclei, which produces four gametes.Full Answer >
Mitosis and meiosis are very significant because they are the processes by which cells reproduce themselves. Mitosis is the reason why human bodies can grow and repair themselves while meiosis is the process by which sexual reproduction occurs.Full Answer >
Meiosis serves a different purpose than mitosis, as it is the method by which sex cells divide, as opposed to mitosis, which is the method by which body cells divide. In mitosis, the daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell does. By contrast, the daughter cells that result from meiosis have half as many chromosomes as the parent cell does.Full Answer >
During mitosis, a cell enlarges, splits and multiplies DNA, and then separates into two daughter cells. During this reproductive cycle, the cell goes through five different phases.Full Answer >